Robert visited the provinces of the Western Cape and the Gauteng in South Africa to interview experts and conduct surveys with local farmers about the current role of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in the country’s food system. He conducted 86 surveys with smallholder farmers located in 6 urban and peri-urban areas in the townships of Cape Town and Johannesburg to understand the barriers and challenges of ICT adoption, as well as the desirable characteristics of ICT tools. He complemented this knowledge with interviews with experts from NGOs, ICT companies and the food industry to understand more broadly these issues in South Africa.
Rodo visited the three islands Nargana, Soledad Miria, and Carti Sugdub in the Guna Yala region of Paname. He conducted household surveys to capture the perspective of the local Guanas communities, in order to identify what are their main development concerns. Questionnaires captured socioeconomic activities, perceived value from ecosystem services, traditional values, and ranked through a Discreet Choice Experiment (DCE) the key development challenges. He conducted approximately 240 questionnaires across the three islands to conduct a conjoint analysis that will help identify the key development challenges in Guna Yala.
Vinamra visited multiple logging sites in in Sarawak, Malaysia, to understand the impact of logging on local communities. Initially he visited Iban communities in Anap Muput Forest Management Unit to understand the effects of past and current commercial logging practices in the area. In particular he carried out 21 household interviews in 7 villages located in the Muput cluster. Subsequently he visited the Kapit Forest Management Unit (149,756 ha), whose southern part is located inside Heart of Borneo (HoB) project area, and met each of the village chiefs of the sixteen settlements at Mujong-Melinau FMU (44,300 ha). He conducted multiple expert interviews with officials from the Forest Department, Sarawak Forestry Corporation and different logging companies, and also attended the Forest Management Certification and Forest Management Unit Readiness Assessment Workshop organised by Sarawak Forestry Corporation in Sibu.